23 Protected Traits
Read the updated definitions of all 23 protected traits, including the two new ones: "homeless status" and "sealed eviction record".
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Protected Traits in DC
The DC Office of Human Rights enforces the DC Human Rights Act, which makes discrimination illegal based on 23 protected traits for people that live, visit or work in the District of Columbia. The DC Human Rights Act prohibits discrimination in housing, employment, public accommodations and educational institutions.
Find our flyer on the 23 protected traits and their definitions here.
23 Características protegidas bajo la Ley de Derechos Humanos del DC (Spanish) ♦ 23 በዲሲ ሰብዓዊ መብቶች አዋጅ ስር ጥበቃ የሚደረግላቸው ባህሪያት (Amharic) ♦ 《哥伦比亚特区人权法案》所规定的 23 个受保护特征 (Chinese) ♦ 23 caractéristiques protégées en vertu de la Loi sur les droits de la personne (Human Rights Act) de DC (French) ♦ DC 인권법(DC Human Rights Act)에 따른 23가지 보호 특성 (Korean) ♦ 23 Đặc Điểm Được Bảo Vệ Theo Đạo Luật Nhân Quyền DC (Vietnamese)
23 Protected Traits Under the DC Human Rights Act
- Age: 18 years of age or older
- Color: skin pigmentation, including variations in skin pigmentation
- Credit Information: any written, oral, or other communication of information bearing on an employee's creditworthiness, credit standing, credit capacity, credit score, or credit history.
- Disability: a physical or mental impairment substantially limiting one or more major life activities; physical can include auditory, speech, visual, and/or neurological impairments and mental can include cognitive and learning impairments
- Family Responsibilities: supporting an individual in a legal dependent or blood relationship, which includes, but is not limited to children, grandchildren, and parents
- Familial Status: a pregnant individual or a parent, guardian, or caregiver who has legal status with respect to children under the age of 18
- Gender Identity & Expression: a gender-related identity, appearance, expression, or behavior of an individual, regardless of the individual’s assigned sex at birth
- Genetic Information: an individual’s DNA or genetic predisposition, a family member’s genetic predisposition; information resulting from requests for genetic testing, or history which may indicate the likelihood or increase risk of an individual’s predisposition to develop a disease, illness, syndrome, or condition
- Homeless Status: an individual, family, or youth who lacks, lost, or will imminently lose a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, which can include the result of escaping an unsafe environment
- Marital Status: married, in a domestic partnership, single, divorced, separated or widowed, and the usual conditions associated therewith, including pregnancy or parenthood
- Matriculation: being enrolled in a college, university, or some type of secondary school or program, including vocational programs
- National Origin: the state, country, or nation state where an individual or their ancestors are from
- Personal Appearance: outward appearance, irrespective of sex and gender identity or expression, including hair style and color, facial hair, tattoos, body size or shape, and body piercings, subject to business requirements and standards
- Place of Residence or Business: the geographical location of home or work
- Political Affiliation: the state of belonging to or endorsing any political party
- Race: classification or association based on an individual’s ancestry, ethnicity and/or physical traits
- Religion: a personal set or institutionalized system of attitudes, beliefs, and practices relating to a supernatural force or being, or its equivalent in secular faiths, including the presence or absence of commitment or devotion to any faith
- Sealed Eviction Record: an eviction record that has been sealed by the Superior Court of the District of Columbia for specific reasons or upon motion by the tenant demonstrating that sealing is warranted
- Sex: the state of being biologically male, female, or intersex including medical conditions and reproductive health decisions associated therewith
- Sexual Orientation: an individual’s romantic and/or sexual attraction for another person(s); includes relationship types such as aromantic, ethical non-monogamy, open relationships, polyamory, etc.
- Source of Income: the origination of an individual’s personal and professional finances, including from housing choice vouchers (Section 8), emergency assistance payments, SSI Income, alimony, and disability benefit programs
- Status as a Victim or Family Member of a Victim of Domestic Violence, a Sexual Offense, or Stalking (DVSOS): when an individual is a victim or family member of a victim of domestic violence, sexual offense, or stalking
- Status as a Victim of an Intrafamily Offense: an individual, their family, or a household member who is a victim of domestic violence, sexual assault, stalking, and/or cruelty to the victim’s animal
Protected Traits by Enforcement Area
|Housing||Public Accommodations or Government Services|